TESTING FOR THE VIRUS
How to get tested for coronavirus, and who can get tested and why?
Family physicians will refer all patients for free testing where such patients show the symptoms of a viral upper respiratory tract disease and who are included in a risk group (including those risk-group patients who do not have a family physician). You are included in a risk group under the following circumstances:
- you are at least sixty years of age,
- you have at least one of the following health conditions or have undergone one of the following processes:
● Organ transplant patients;
● Bone marrow transplant patients who have had bone marrow transplanted within the past two years (from 2019);
● Severe immune system disorder (hereditary immunodeficiency, HIV patients with a low cell count, and patients without a spleen);
● Malignant lymphoid and haematopoietic tissue tumours which have been diagnosed within the past five years (from 2017);
● Active cancer therapy patients;
● Other malignant tumours which have been diagnosed within the past year (from 2020);
● Cystic fibrosis;
● Kidney failure patients*;
● Diseases which demyelinate the central nervous system;
● Neurological diseases or conditions which affect the breathing (such as a stroke, multiple sclerosis, Parkinson’s disease, or cerebral palsy);
● Parkinson’s disease;
● Multiple sclerosis;
● Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis;
● A stroke within the past year;
● The residual symptoms of a stroke;
● Patients with haematological, rheumatological, gastroenterological, or neurological conditions who have been administered with immunosuppressants within the past five years;
● Severe chronic liver disease;
● Chronic bronchitis, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, or emphysema;
● Asthma which requires permanent treatment;
● Severe asthma (oral corticosteroid treatment within the past five years, biological treatment, or an asthmatic condition in the patient’s medical history);
● Severe chronic pulmonary disease;
● Cardiological diseases;
● Severe cardiac disease (such as heart failure or coronary heart disease);
● Adrenocortical deficiency;
● Down syndrome;
● Sleep apnoea
- Anyone, including all asymptomatic individuals, will be referred to testing by their family physician before they can be admitted to a social welfare institution or a nursing home.
Any clients who are transferred from one social welfare institution to another will be referred to testing by the Health Board’s regional departments.
Any clients of social welfare institutions who exhibit symptoms of a viral upper respiratory tract disease will be referred to testing by their family physician or by the Health Board’s regional department.
Any employees of social welfare institutions, including interns and volunteers, will be referred to testing by the Health Board’s regional departments prior to the commencement of their work. Employees of social welfare institutions who exhibit respiratory symptoms may be referred to testing by their family physician or through the Health Board.
Testing, and the appearance of symptoms
If you have developed any symptoms which, as a rule, appear approximately three days after becoming infected in the case of the Omicron variant (in some cases, however, the infected individual becomes infections one or two days before developing any symptoms), you must stay at home and call your family physician or the family physician advisory line (1220). The family physician will assess whether or not you need to be tested and provide health advice.
If your family physician decides that you should be tested, they will submit an electronic order to a laboratory and the laboratory will call you to agree upon the time and place of testing. Wait for the call or book a test via the online reception service. Please read further information below »
Tests can be taken on the weekends and on public holidays as well.
Bring an identity document with you and go to the agreed place by the right time. Nonlaryngeal samples can be given based on an electronic referral at the agreed testing site and at the agreed time by presenting an identity document. Please do not visit a testing site without a referral or an identity document. If possible, visit the testing site alone.
Wait for the results.
Anyone who tests positive will receive a phone call within two working days. The test results are also registered in the digilugu.ee environment. In the case of a negative test result, the result is only registered in the individual’s file at digilugu.ee because there is not enough manpower available to be able to provide everyone who has taken a test with a personal call-back.
If you have tested positive, please stay at home and follow the advice given by your family physician. If your health condition deteriorates, contact your family physician again or call an ambulance by dialling 112.
Anyone with a confirmed diagnosis of COVID-19 must self-isolate based on a doctor’s decision.
Anyone with a family physician’s referral can
book a coronavirus SARS-CoV-2 themselves
For this purpose, a text message with a link to the e-reception system is sent to the mobile telephone number specified in the referral after that referral has been received. These text messages are sent to individuals who are at least eighteen years of age. The patient must verify their identity in the e-reception environment by using an ID card or Mobile ID (a Smart ID cannot be used). This will enable people to book their testing times quickly without having to wait for a call from the testing centre.
The service can be used on a voluntary basis and provides an alternative option. Those who do not wish to use the e-reception system or who fail to receive the text message due to technical issues will still receive a telephone call from the testing centre based on the order in which referrals are processed at the centre. Partial booking via the e-reception system will undoubtedly shorten the waiting time in terms of being contacted by the testing call centre. The test results will still be sent to tested individuals as previously.
If you have any questions, please contact the testing call centre by calling the number +372 646 4848 (Mon-Fri 9-17).
How can I get a certificate to confirm that I have recovered from the virus?
Responses to referrals for coronavirus testing can be found via the ‘Patient Portal’ which can be printed out.
The following responses to referrals can be found in the Patient Portal:
If your SARS‑CoV‑2 test was analysed at the SYNLAB Estonia laboratory, you can use the TESTI smartphone app to generate a free certificate. The app makes it possible to view coronavirus test results, share your result in ODF format, and generate a certificate which will contain your results. The TESTI smartphone app can be downloaded from the following address: https://api.testi.me/install.
Any patients who are not included in any of the risk groups who wish to generate an EU COVID-19 certificate for themselves can do so by visiting the paid testing service provider of their choice.
Foreigners and individuals who do not have health insurance
Foreign nationals and anyone who does not have health insurance must contact their nearest family health care centre in the case of their developing symptoms so that they can receive appropriate advice and to determine the need for testing. In the case of a suspected viral upper respiratory tract disease (such as a fever, dry cough, or breathing difficulties), patients will be seen irrespective of whether or not they are included in the list of patients for the family health centre. This is emergency care that must be provided by any family physician.
COVID-19 rapid tests and self-tests
How should I feel about a rapid antigen test?
Rapid antigen tests have already been marketed for a year. Their sensitivity and accuracy have reached a very good level, although they are not comparable to the gold standard of testing, the PCR test. It is important to know that a rapid antigen test only detects the virus if the amount of the virus in your body is very high, and usually between 4-5 days after you have developed any symptoms. Individuals may, however, be infectious before developing any symptoms, as well as several weeks after developing symptoms, and the antigen test is not capable of detecting this.
Can I use the rapid antigen test for testing myself at home?
Right now the European market contains only rapid antigen tests which have been designed for professional use. This means that such tests are designed to be used by healthcare professionals or under a healthcare professional’s supervision. Non-professional users are not actually prohibited from their use in order to self-test. Such users must, however, be aware that the potential mistakes which may be made in the course of conducting or interpreting the test will certainly reduce the reliability of the test, and an untrained user is more likely to obtain a false positive or a false negative result.
What should I do if I decide to use a rapid antigen test?
Before taking the test, carefully read the packaging leaflet. Firstly ensure that you have collected the sample properly, exactly as described in the user instructions. The process of collecting a nonlaryngeal sample is an uncomfortable one which very often causes tear flow. It is more comfortable to collect the sample from the nasal sidewalls, but contact with the mucosa on the sidewalls is very important in this case. If you fail to collect the sample properly, you will not get a reliable test result.
Collect the sample in a room which is not used for eating meals, one which is properly ventilated, and one in which the surfaces can be cleaned and disinfected. Make sure that there are no individuals present in the room who are not involved in the process of collecting the sample, as that process is itself a potentially infectious one. Before using the test, clean your hands and any surfaces which you are going to use. Make sure that you also clean those surfaces, as well as your hands, after completing the test.
What if I test positive?
A positive test result means it is very likely that you are infectious, and you should immediately stay at home and contact your family physician or the family physician advisory line (1220). You must also let your close contacts know that they are required to self-isolate at home.
What if I test negative?
If you are sure that the sample was collected properly, you have no symptoms which are characteristic of COVID-19, and you are not aware of any contact with individuals who have been infected with COVID-19, you may carry on with your everyday routine. You should still take all precautions to prevent becoming infected, including wearing a mask, proper hand hygiene, and keeping a safe distance away from others.
If you have been in contact with an individual who has been infected with COVID-19 or in the event of you yourself developing any symptoms of COVID-19 (such as a headache, tiredness, a fever, or a cough), your test result may be a false negative, and you are strongly urged to contact your family physician or the family physician advisory line (1220).
If you suspect that you may be infected, it could be the case that the amount of the virus in your bloodstream is not yet sufficient for the antigen test to detect it. You should monitor your health condition and repeat the test in a few days time, if necessary.
When is it reasonable to use a rapid antigen test?
Before visiting at-risk individuals (such as before a doctor’s appointment, or before visiting a care home). You should still observe all social distancing rules and use personal protective equipment even if you have tested negative. In some cases, it is reasonable to take the test before going to work or to use the test for the early detection of the infection in a work collective. Close contacts should also take the test to see whether they have been infected (before going to a grocery shop or a pharmacy). If you have been infected or are a close contact, a negative rapid antigen test result may never be used to decide whether you can end your isolation period prematurely. Individuals remain infectious even after the rapid antigen test can no longer detect the infection. The rapid antigen test provides the best result if you repeat the test regularly with an interval of a few days and under the same conditions. Repeated negative results from rapid tests which have been taken under identical conditions, plus a lack of symptoms and close contact cases, and responsible social distancing along with the use of personal protective equipment all make it possible to reduce the risk of infection, as well as the risk of infecting others.
GENERAL REMINDERS FOR TESTING
- An identity document with a photo (such as an ID card or driving licence) must be presented in order to get tested.
- Children who do not hold an identity document can get tested by presenting their student card.
- Please arrive on time at the testing site.
- Please wear a mask at the testing site.
- At most testing sites, you will be required to wait outside for your turn to get tested in order to minimise the potential spread of the virus. Please dress appropriately.
- You will be asked to remove your mask for a moment for identification purposes.
- In the event that you require a nasopharyngeal sample, please blow your nose before having your sample collected.
- If mouth rinsing liquid is used for sampling, it is important that you have not been drinking or eating for an hour before testing. It is also not permitted to smoke or chew gum for an hour before testing or during testing.
- During the provision of a mouth-rinsing liquid sample (while you are gargling), you must still cover your mouth with a mask.
- The test results will be uploaded into the digilugu.ee environment within 24-48 hours after testing, and will also be made available via the TESTI smartphone app which can be downloaded from the following website: testi.me.