COVID-19 symptoms are nonspecific and their severity can vary. The disease can run its course without symptoms of illness, but infection can also include severe pneumonia, and for people in risk groups, in worst case, the illness can end in death.
For most people infected with the coronavirus, the illness runs its course without complications and they get well. It is important to point out that the virus risk group includes the elderly and people with chronic diseases, who exhibit the severe forms of the disease more frequently.
The main symptoms are:
- loss of smell
- blocked nose
- tiredness and weakness
- muscular pain
- runny nose
- loss of taste
- throat pain
In severe cases, you may develop:
- breathing difficulties
- chest pain
- speech and movement disorders
According to the information known today, the symptoms of COVID-19 are similar to flu symptoms.
Droplet infection is the main mode of transmission, the virus spreads mainly through close contact with a person who has symptoms characteristic to the infection, especially cough.
The incubation period of the virus is about 2-14 days, with an average of 5 days.
Proper hand hygiene is one of the most important preventive measures of coronavirus infections.
IF YOU HAVE AT LEAST ONE OF THE FOLLOWING SYMPTOMS:
- a cough
- a temperature above 38°C
- breathing difficulties
- throat soreness
ASSESS THE SITUATION AND ACT AS FOLLOWS DEPENDING UPON YOUR HEALTH CONDITION:
- Mild or moderate symptoms - stay at home, monitor your condition, and self-isolate.
- Serious symptoms (a temperature above 38°C, or a cough) - stay at home and call the family physician advisory line (1220) or your family physician.
- Critical health condition (breathing difficulties and in need of emergency assistance) - call the emergency number: 112.
- You have come into close contact with an individual who has been infected with COVID-19 - stay at home, monitor your condition, and self-isolate.
In most cases, coronaviruses spread in the form of a droplet infection (through coughing or sneezing) and via close contact. In rarer occasions, the virus may also spread via contaminated surfaces. Based on currently available information, the SARS-CoV-2 virus can last for up to three days at room temperature. On the other hand, it is possible to remove the virus from surfaces by using efficient cleaning methods and detergents.
Heating, UV radiation, and several antimicrobial substances, such as 70% ethanol, 75% 2-propanol, hydrogen peroxide, and sodium hypochlorite, which kill the virus if they are left on the surface for at least one minute, have an effect against various coronaviruses.