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The human-to-human transmission risk for bird flu is very low in Estonia

Currently-available epidemiological and virological evidence indicates that the A(H5N8) influenza virus has not acquired the capacity to produce consistent human-to-human transmission. Therefore the likelihood of the spread of the virus remains low. So far, humans have only been infected with bird flu via contact with infected birds.

‘No cases of human-to-human transmission of the highly pathogenic bird flu virus have been registered in Estonia so far, but it is something that cannot completely be ruled out,’ said Olga Sadikova, chief specialist at the Health Board’s influence centre. She added that it would be advisable to avoid travelling to bird flu-risk areas, as well as to avoid any close contact with birds, and that it is certainly not a good idea to touch any deceased birds.

Sadikova warned that those individuals who come in contact with birds - such as poultry breeders and processors - should be especially cautious and use personal protective equipment, such as respirators, protective gloves, and goggles.

Anyone who has come into contact with infected poultry or wild birds, or with the excrement  of such birds, should monitor their health for ten days and immediately seek medical assistance in the event of their developing any symptoms that could be related to eye infections or any flu-like symptoms (such as a fever above 38 degrees).

Bird flu symptoms that can appear in humans include the following:

  • a high fever (with a temperature of 38 degrees and upwards)
  • headache, muscular pain, or a sore throat 
  • a cough and head cold
  • breathing difficulties
  • conjunctivitis
  • diarrhoea

Possible serious complications include pneumonia, which may be accompanied by the respiratory distress syndrome.

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29.11.2021

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26.11.2021

In total, 313 individuals are being treated in hospital due to symptomatic COVID-19

As of the morning of 26 November, hospital treatment is being provided to 313 individuals who have been infected with COVID-19. A total of 259 patients who have COVID-19 are currently receiving hospital treatment after having developed serious symptoms, including 187 patients who have not been vaccinated (which means 72.0% of the overall figure), and seventy-two patients who have been fully vaccinated (which amounts to 28.0% of the overall figure).