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How to avoid contracting the coronavirus and what to do in case of suspected infection?


    • Wash your hands. Hands should be washed with soap under running water, hand disinfectants should be used if needed.
    • Requirement for dispersal. The requirement for dispersal mandates that indoors strangers must be kept at a reasonable distance for the purpose of containing the spread of the virus. Avoid contact with people, who are coughing or sneezing. If you stand too close to a person with symptoms of the disease, you may contract the disease yourself. 
    • Avoid touching your eyes, nose and mouth. If you touch your eyes, nose or mouth with contaminated hands, it is possible that the virus will be transmitted to you as well. 
    • If you have a fever, are coughing and experiencing difficulty breathing, seek help in a timely manner. Monitor your health and stay home. Call your general practitioner (GP). If you do not have access to a general practitioner, call the GP hotline at 1220
    • If you have mild symptoms of respiratory disease: carefully observe the regular hand hygiene guidelines and, if possible, stay home until you are well again.
    • Observe good respiratory hygiene. If you sneeze or cough, cover your nose and mouth with a single use tissue. Throw it into the bin immediately after, and then clean your hands. If you do not have a tissue, use your sleeve (the inside of your elbow), but do not use your bare hand. 
    • Wear a mask indoors! From 26 August 2021, regulations state that masks must be worn in public indoor premises for which no COVID certificate is required. This is due to the ongoing COVID-19 infection risk. Masks must be worn in all indoor premises where such premises are designed for public use, or which can be freely entered by members of the public, and which are used by large numbers of people who are not in contact with one another on a daily basis. The requirement applies to premises for which COVID certificates are not required.

    • COVID-19 vaccination. By vaccinating against COVID-19 we can move towards returning to the regular order of life. Vaccination in Estonia takes place according to the vaccination plan. In 2021, vaccination is free for everybody who lives in Estonia, including those who do not have health insurance. Vaccination is voluntary. Read more »


      The items of legislation which lay down the restrictions can be found on the following website:



      Covering your nose and mouth is an appropriate precaution to take in a place like that. A mask might also be of help to a healthy person if an infected person coughs in his direction - it might somewhat reduce the possibility of the healthy person getting sprayed with a large enough dosage of the droplet virus to get infected and sick.


      • The material of a self-made mask gets damp very quickly.
      • A damp mask must be changed out, at least every 2-3 hours, depending on the material.
      • One person requires about 4-5 masks a day, for instance if she needs to go to work.

      HOIA mobile app

      Download the HOIA mobile app from Google Play or App Store which will inform you if you have come into close contact with an individual who has coronavirus. The app also allows you to anonymously notify other users if you have fallen ill yourself. Codes are being exchanged anonymously between the phones of people who use the app, while the government, the app’s developer, and the manufacturer of your phone will not be notified of those with whom you have come into close contact. Further information is available here: