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How to avoid contracting the coronavirus and what to do in case of suspected infection?

    • Wash your hands. Hands should be washed with soap under running water, hand disinfectants should be used if needed.
    • Requirement for dispersal. The requirement for dispersal mandates that indoors strangers must be kept at a reasonable distance for the purpose of containing the spread of the virus. Avoid contact with people, who are coughing or sneezing. If you stand too close to a person with symptoms of the disease, you may contract the disease yourself. 
    • Avoid touching your eyes, nose and mouth. If you touch your eyes, nose or mouth with contaminated hands, it is possible that the virus will be transmitted to you as well. 
    • If you have a fever, are coughing and experiencing difficulty breathing, seek help in a timely manner. Monitor your health and stay home. Call your general practitioner (GP). If you do not have access to a general practitioner, call the GP hotline at 1220
    • If you have mild symptoms of respiratory disease: carefully observe the regular hand hygiene guidelines and, if possible, stay home until you are well again.
    • Observe good respiratory hygiene. If you sneeze or cough, cover your nose and mouth with a single use tissue. Throw it into the bin immediately after, and then clean your hands. If you do not have a tissue, use your sleeve (the inside of your elbow), but do not use your bare hand. 
    • Wear a mask indoors! Masks must be worn in all public indoor premises. This is due to the ongoing COVID-19 infection risk. Masks must be worn in all indoor premises where such premises are designed for public use, or which can be freely entered by members of the public, and which are used by large numbers of people who are not in contact with one another on a daily basis.

    • COVID-19 vaccination. By vaccinating against COVID-19 we can move towards returning to the regular order of life. Vaccination in Estonia takes place according to the vaccination plan. In 2021, vaccination is free for everybody who lives in Estonia, including those who do not have health insurance. Vaccination is voluntary.
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      • You will protect yourself. The course of the disease is unpredictable. It may impose long-term damage on the health of both younger people and older people, potentially serving to deteriorate quality of life in many cases.
      • You will protect hospitals. The risk of suffering a severe case of coronavirus is lower in vaccinated individuals. Firstly, vaccinated people are less likely to become infected with coronavirus. Secondly, even if the infection breaks through the vaccination, the course of the diseases is milder for vaccinated individuals. 
      • You will protect others. The more people who get themselves vaccinated, the lower will be the spread of coronavirus and the number of serious cases. By getting vaccinated, we protect those who are weaker than us and who cannot get vaccinated due to underlying health conditions. Our parents, children, friends, acquaintances, or any passer-by in the street may be amongst those individuals.
      • You will become less infectious. Studies have revealed that if a vaccinated individual falls ill, they may only carry a viable virus in their body for a few days, although vaccinated individuals may still remain infectious for a week or even several weeks. Therefore, if we would like to protect our loved ones, getting vaccinated is certainly a good idea.


      • You will have more freedom to travel. For at least one year after completing the vaccination process, vaccinated individuals will not be required to self-isolate after arriving in Estonia from abroad. Anyone who has had COVID-19 will not be required to self-isolate for six months after having been declared to have recovered from the virus.
      • You will not need to self-isolate. Vaccinated individuals are not required to self-isolate after having come into close contact with an infected individual, but may instead continue to go about their everyday activities.
      • You will be free to visit restaurants, the theatre, and gyms. If you are fully vaccinated, you can use your vaccination certificate to visit the theatre, cinema, sports clubs, restaurants, and other places where restrictions may be applicable.
      • It is very likely that COVID-19 will not go anywhere but will instead remain circulating amongst us. Therefore we will all need to become immune, and vaccination is the safest way to be able to achieve this.

      The items of legislation which lay down the restrictions can be found on the following website:



      Covering your nose and mouth is an appropriate precaution to take in a place like that. A mask might also be of help to a healthy person if an infected person coughs in his direction - it might somewhat reduce the possibility of the healthy person getting sprayed with a large enough dosage of the droplet virus to get infected and sick.


      • The material of a self-made mask gets damp very quickly.
      • A damp mask must be changed out, at least every 2-3 hours, depending on the material.
      • One person requires about 4-5 masks a day, for instance if she needs to go to work.

      HOIA mobile app

      Download the HOIA mobile app from Google Play or App Store which will inform you if you have come into close contact with an individual who has coronavirus. The app also allows you to anonymously notify other users if you have fallen ill yourself. Codes are being exchanged anonymously between the phones of people who use the app, while the government, the app’s developer, and the manufacturer of your phone will not be notified of those with whom you have come into close contact. Further information is available here: