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How can you avoid being infected with coronavirus and what should you do if you suspect you have been infected?

  • Wash your hands. Hands should be washed with soap under running water, hand disinfectants should be used if needed.
  • Social distance. Avoid coming too close to individuals who cough or sneeze. If you are standing too close to someone who exhibits signs of the disease, you may also fall ill.
  • Avoid touching your eyes, nose, and mouth. If you touch your eyes, nose, or mouth with contaminated hands, there is a chance of transmission of the virus.
  • If you have a temperature, cough, and/or breathing difficulties, seek help early. Monitor your health and stay at home. Call your family physician on a weekday or the family physician advisory line on ☎️ 1220  (+372 634 6630 also for calls from abroad), between 8:00am and 5:00pm on weekends. The physicians who respond to your calls to the family physician advisory line can only issue referrals for those individuals who are suspected to have the disease who can be identified by a Smart ID or Mobile ID solution.
  • If you experience mild symptoms of a respiratory disease, observe the regular hand hygiene requirements carefully and, if possible, stay at home until you are well.
  • Observe respiratory hygiene. When you sneeze or cough, please cover your mouth and nose with a disposable tissue. Immediately safely dispose of the used tissue and clean your hands. If you do not have a tissue, use your sleeve (or part of your forearm), not your bare hand, to cover your mouth.
  • Covering your mouth and nose prevents the spread of germs and viruses. If you sneeze into your open hand, you may end up spreading germs and viruses to other people and to the objects that you touch.

If any symptoms present themselves (a cough, a temperature, or breathing difficulties), please contact your family physician or the family physician advisory line ☎️ 1220 (+372 634 6630 also for calls from abroad) to receive further instructions.

If you have any coronavirus-related questions, please call the alarm centre’s free information line ☎️ 1247 (+372 600 1247 also for calls from abroad) which is available around the clock.

If you experience any breathing difficulties or shortness of breath, please call the emergency number ☎️ 112.



  • a cough
  • a temperature above 38°C
  • breathing difficulties
  • throat soreness


  • Mild or moderate symptoms - stay at home, monitor your condition, and self-isolate.
  • Serious symptoms (a temperature above 38°C, or a cough) - stay at home and call the family physician advisory line (1220) or your family physician.
  • Critical health condition (breathing difficulties and in need of emergency assistance) - call the emergency number: 112.
  • You have come into close contact with an individual who has been infected with COVID-19 - stay at home, monitor your condition, and self-isolate.

Filling in the coronavirus self-assessment questionnaire may also be useful »



Self-isolation is a preventive measure which helps to avoid the spread of an infectious disease. The less people move around and the less social contact they have, the smaller is the threat of infection. The required self-isolation period is fourteen days, because signs of the disease should manifest within this period. If you develop any symptoms, please stay at home until you have recovered or call for an ambulance if your health condition deteriorates.

In most cases, the disease which is caused by coronavirus passes quite easily. However, elderly people and individuals who have a weaker immune system are at risk, and the signs of the disease may develop into severe pneumonia in such cases. By staying at home, we help to keep these individuals safe from the virus.

If you have tested positive for COVID-19 or suspect that you may have fallen ill, please stay at home and contact your family physician if you develop any symptoms. Avoid contact with others, follow the rules of hand and respiratory hygiene, and have everything that you need delivered to your home in a contactless manner, if possible. Your mental health is also important: do not allow yourself to become isolated. Communicate with your loved ones by using various communications channels (such as Facebook, Skype, or other applications which allow you to talk to others, as well as see them). Create a habit of communicating with other people on a daily basis (if you are not already doing so). Communication is especially important while self-isolating. You should also make sure that coronavirus is not your main conversation topic. 


Advice for the protection of at-risk groups

  • It is not advisable to have the grandparents over to baby-sit your children even if the children are healthy, as the grandparents will be at greater risk if the children do fall ill.
  • Avoid visiting care homes, as this would endanger the health of the residents in those homes.
  • Reducing the amount of contact you have with others is very important - this is the only way to be able to cut down the spread of the disease.
  • Transferring residents in care homes from one home to another should also be avoided and new residents should not be accepted if possible. In the case of an elderly individual who requires care it would be advisable to contact the local municipality authority for the person in question in order that they can receive the required services at home.

Wearing a mask in Estonia is not compulsory, but doing so is a very good additional measure in connection with maintaining the required distance from others, along with proper hand hygiene, and proper respiratory hygiene. Anyone who has developed any symptoms must wear a mask in public places or if direct contact is unavoidable. All close contacts of an individual who has been diagnosed with coronavirus should wear a mask even if they do not yet have any symptoms. It is also a good idea to wear a mask in enclosed, crowded spaces such as stores, shopping centres, or on public transport, for example. This is especially strongly recommended in those areas which witness new outbreaks of the disease. A mask should also be worn outdoors if you are in a crowded place and it is not possible to maintain the required distance from strangers. It is very important to place, wear, and remove the mask properly in order to avoid being infected. Always sanitise your hands after removing your mask.